Who we are

 
MaP is an RWTH University spin-off which incorporates years of research into a service offering around pore-scale imaging.

Picture_2712 - MaP Team Left  Picture_2713 - MaP Team Right

Methods

 
Picture_2715 - MaP Methods leftPicture_2723 - MaP Methods right

Equipment

 
The unique combination of our Virtual Petrograph (ViP), argon (Cryo) Broad Ion Beam (BIB) polishers, state of the art Field Emission Cryo Scanning Electron Microscope (Cryo-SEM), and Liquid Metal Injection (LMI) technology with researchers having over ten years of experience makes our lab one-of-a-kind in Europe. We developed the first and only fully integrated Cryo-BIB-SEM workflow on the market today. Our second generation, state-of-the-art facilities enable standardized sample analysis and HD-image processing. We are experts in our fields, engaging in cutting-edge research and regularly publishing in top peer-reviewed journals. Our knowledge is ahead of the curve and enables us to focus on only the most promising methods and to invest in the most capable equipment. Equipment which is not available yet off-the-shelf is developed in close cooperation with vendors and the engineering institutes of the RWTH Aachen University. Our network and the customer-oriented approach gives us the ability to deliver custom solutions for special projects within a short time-frame.

Picture_2717 - Map ViP
ViP - VIRTUAL PETROGRAPH
Picture_2718 - MaP BIB
BROAD ION BEAM POLISHER
Picture_2720 - MaP Cryo SEM
CRYO BROAD ION BEAM POLISHER
Picture_2719 - MaP SEM
Cryo FE-SEM
Picture_2722 - MaP LMI
LIQUID METAL INJECTION
Picture_2721 - MaP Pore Segmentation
IMAGE PROCESSING & ANALYSIS

Contact

 

email us
at map@emr.rwth-aachen.de
call us
+49 241 8098445
visit us
at
RWTH Aachen
Room 404
Lochnerstraße 4-20
52056 Aachen
Germany

Funded by

 
Picture_2724 - MaP EXIST Logos leftPicture_2725 - MaP EXIST Logos right

Publications

 

Theses

Joyce Schmatz
Grain boundary - fluid inclusion interaction in rocks and analogues. PhD Thesis, RWTH Aachen University. 129 pages (2010)
 
Joyce Schmatz
Experimental study on clay gouge evolution in mechanically stratified sequences. Diplomarbeit, RWTH Aachen University. (2006)
 

Nonreviewed

Jop Klaver, Guillaume Desbois, Janos Urai
Porosity mapping of shale using broad ion beam - Scanning electron microscopy (BIB-SEM) : preliminary results of an organic rich shale. Flows and mechanics in natural porous media from pore to field scale. Pore2Field, IFP Energies nouvelles. (In press)
 
Joyce Schmatz, Oliver Schenk, Jop Klaver, Janos Urai, Wolfgang Grünewald
Triple-beam Ar-Ion-Milling with a Rotary Stage to Decorate Grain Boundaries and Substructures in Rock Salt (2015)
 

Book chapters

Mingze Jiang, Jop Klaver, Joyce Schmatz, Janos Urai
Nanoscale Porosity Analysis in Geological Materials, Acta Stereologica, Proceedings of the 14th International Congress for Stereology and Image Analysis, 6-10 July 2015, Liège (Belgium), ISSN 0351-580X (2015)
 
Joyce Schmatz, Janos Urai, Guillaume Desbois, Steffen Berg, Holger Ott
Cryogenic Broad Ion Beam milling (BIB) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) to image pore morphology and fluid contacts in hydrocarbon reservoir rocks, Acta Stereologica, Proceedings of the 14th International Congress for Stereology and Image Analysis, 6-10 July 2015, Liège (Belgium), ISSN 0351-580X. (2015)
 
Guillaume Desbois, Janos Urai, Joyce Schmatz, Prokop Zavada, J. Hans. P. de Bresser
The distribution of fluids in natural rock salt: the key for understanding the interplay between deformation mechanisms. In Bérest, P., Ghoreychi, M., Hadj-Hassen, F., and Tijani, M. (eds.). Mechanical behaviour of salt VII, Taylor & Francis Group, London, 512 p. (2012)
 
Joyce Schmatz, Janos Urai
Clay smear in Sandbox experiments. In: Dynamics of complex intracontinental basins: The Central European Basin System. Littke, R., Bayer, U., Gajewski, D. & Nelskamp, S. Eds.). Springer-Verlag, Berlin-Heidelberg, 520 p. (2008)
 

Papers

Joyce Schmatz, Steffen Berg, Janos Urai, Holger Ott
Nano-scale imaging of pore-scale fluid-fluid-solid contacts in sandstone, Geophysical Research Letters, DOI: 10.1002/2015GL063354. (2015)
 
Jop Klaver, Guillaume Desbois, Ralf Littke, Janos Urai
BIB-SEM characterization of pore space morphology and distribution in postmature to overmature samples from the Haynesville and Bossier Shales. Marine and Petroleum Geology 59, 451-466 (2015)
 
Jop Klaver, Susanne Hemes, Maartje Houben, Guillaume Desbois, Zsolt Radi, Janos Urai
The connectivity of pore space in mudstones: insights from high pressure Wood's Metal Injection, BIB-SEM imaging and Mercury Intrusion Porosimetry. Geofluids (online). (2015)
 
Susan Giffin, Ralf Littke, Jop Klaver, Janos Urai
Application of BIB–SEM technology to characterize macropore morphology in coal. International Journal of Coal Geology, online. (2013)
 
Jop Klaver, Guillaume Desbois, Janos Urai, Ralf Littke
BIB-SEM study of the pore space morphology in early mature Posidonia Shale from the Hils area, Germany. International Journal of Coal Geology. (2012)
 
Joyce Schmatz, Janos Urai
The interaction of migrating grain boundaries and fluid Inclusions in naturally deformed quartz: a case study of a folded and partly recrystallized quartz vein from the Hunsrück Slate, Germany. Journal of Structural Geology, 33: 468-480. (2011)
 
Ineke Dijkstra, Joyce Schmatz, Alice Post, Janos Urai
The role of fluid-inclusion composition on dynamic recrystallization in experimentally deformed quartz single crystals. Journal of the Virtual Explorer 38 (3) (2011)
 
Joyce Schmatz, Oliver Schenk, Janos Urai
The interaction of migrating grain boundaries and fluid inclusions in rock analogues: the effect of wetting angle and fluid inclusion velocity. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology. 162(1): 193-208. DOI: 10.1007/s00410-010-0590-3. (2011)
 
Joyce Schmatz, Marc Holland, Steffen Giese, Wouter van der Zee, Janos Urai
Clay smear processes in mechanically layered sequences - results of water-saturated model experiments with free top surface. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 75 (1), 74-88 (2010)
 
Joyce Schmatz, Peter Vrolijk, Janos Urai
Clay smear in normal fault zones - the effect of multilayers and clay cementation in water-saturated model experiments Journal of Structural Geology 32 - Fault zones (11), 1834-1849. (2010)
 
Joyce Schmatz, Janos Urai
The interaction of fluid inclusions and migrating grain boundaries in a rock analogue: deformation and annealing of polycrystalline camphor-ethanol mixtures. Journal of Metamorphic Geology 28(1), 1-18. (2010)
 
J. Adam, Janos Urai, B. Wieneke, O. Oncken, K. Pfeiffer, N. Kukowski, J. Lohrmann, S. Hoth, Wouter van der Zee, Joyce Schmatz
Shear localisation and strain distribution during tectonic faulting - new insights from granular flow experiments and high-resolution optical image correlation techniques. Journal of Structural Geology, 27,283-301 (2005)
 

Abstracts

Joyce Schmatz, Jop Klaver, Mingze Jiang, Moritz Süß, Janos Urai
BIB-SEM, Cryo-BIB-SEM and Wood’s Metal Injection to image and analyse pore morphology, pore connectivity, and fluid distribution in seals and reservoirs. AAPG/EAGE Hydrocarbon Seals of the Middle East, 18-20 January 2016, Muscat, Oman. (2016)
 
Janos Urai, Jop Klaver, Guillaume Desbois, Ben Laurich, Susanne Hemes, Joyce Schmatz
Pore morphology, grain microstructure and deformation mechanisms in claystones: relevance for predicting the long-term deformation and transport processes in host rocks for heat-generating nuclear waste. DEAF 2nd Conference on Key Topics in Deep Geological Disposal, Cologne, Germany, September 26-28, 2016. (2016)
 
Joyce Schmatz, Jop Klaver, Holger Ott, Pieter Bertier, Janos Urai
CRYO-BIB-SEM to image Pore Morphology and Brine-Oil-Mineral Contacts in Carbonate Reservoirs. Interpore 2016, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA, May 9-12 (2016)
 
Joyce Schmatz, Jop Klaver, Mingze Jiang, Janos Urai
Nanoscale Morphology of Brine-Oil-Mineral Contacts in Connected Pores of Carbonate Reservoirs: Insights on Wettability from Cryo-BIB-SEM. SPE Conference Paper: SPE Bergen One Day Seminar, 20 April, Grieghallen, Bergen, Norway. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/180049-MS (2016)
 
Janos Urai, Guillaume Desbois, Joyce Schmatz
Microphysical processes of grain boundary fluids in rock salt and their role in predicting the long-term deformation and transport processes in host rocks for heat-generating nuclear waste. DEAF 2nd Conference on Key Topics in Deep Geological Disposal, Cologne, Germany, September 26-28, 2016. (2016)
 
Joyce Schmatz, Jop Klaver, Janos Urai
Cryogenic Broad-Ion-Beam milling and Wood’s-Metal-Injection: two new techniques required to better understand fluid distribution and effective porosity in porous and sensitive materials using a Scanning Electron Microscope. Interpore 2016, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA, May 9-12 (invited lecture) (2016)
 
Jop Klaver, Ben Laurich, Guillaume Desbois, Susanne Hemes, Joyce Schmatz, Janos Urai
Overview of integrated microstructural studies to better understand mechanical and fluid flow properties of fine grained geo-materials. 5th EAGE shale workshop, Catania, May 2-4 (2016)
 
Joyce Schmatz, Jop Klaver, Guillaume Desbois, Janos Urai
Cryo-BIB-SEM and Wood’s Metal Injection to image pore morphology, pore connectivity, and fluid distribution in hydrocarbon bearing rocks. Annual Meeting of DGGV-DMG, Geoberlin 2015, 4.-7. October, Berlin. (2015)
 
Joyce Schmatz, Janos Urai, Franziska, M.M. Wübbeler, Marc Sadler
The effect of hydrocarbons on the microstructural evolution in rock salt: a case study on hydrocarbon bearing Ara salt from the South Oman Salt Basin. EGU European Geosciences Union General Assembly, 27th April – 02nd May, 2014, Vienna (Austria). (2014)
 
Susanne Hemes, Jop Klaver, Guillaume Desbois, Janos Urai
Three dimensional analysis of the pore space in fine-grained Boom Clay, using BIB-SEM (broad-ion beam scanning electron microscopy), combined with FIB (focused ion-beam) serial cross-sectioning, pore network modeling andWood’s metal injection. EGU European Geosciences Union General Assembly, 27th April – 02nd May, 2014, Vienna (Austria). (2014)
 
Guillaume Desbois, Janos Urai, Maartje Houben, Susanne Hemes, Jop Klaver
BIB-SEM of representative area clay structures: insights and challenges. NEA Clay Club Workshop Proceedings. 6-8 September 2011, Karlsruhe, Germany. p. 67-74 (2013)
 
Peter Vrolijk, Rodrick Myers, Michael Kettermann, Gisa J. Kleine Vennekate, Sofie Nollet, Sohrab Noorsalehi-Garakani, Joyce Schmatz, Janos Urai
CROSS-FAULT FLOW IN SEDIMENTARY ENVIRONMENTS. GSA Annual Meeting, 125th Anniversary of GSA. 27-30 October 2013 Denver, USA. (2013)
 
Susanne Hemes, Jop Klaver, Guillaume Desbois, Janos Urai
Deformation of Boom Clay microstructure, due to compaction during Wood’s metal injection, as visualized by high resolution scanning electron microscopy and broad-ion beam milling. Deformation mechanisms Rheology and Tectonics 2013. KU Leuven, 16-18 September, Leuven, Belgium. (2013)
 
Jop Klaver, Guillaume Desbois, Janos Urai
Qualitative and Quantitative Characterization of Porosity in a Low Porous and Low Permeable Organic Rich Shale by Combining Broad Ion Beam and Scanning Electron Microscopy (BIB-SEM). NEA Clay Club Workshop Proceedings. 6-8 September 2011, Karlsruhe, Germany. p. 109-112. (2013)
 
Joyce Schmatz, Janos Urai, Marc Sadler
Carbonic Inclusions in Natural Rock Salt and their Role in Development of Microstructure. DEFORMATION MECHANISMS, RHEOLOGY & TECTONICS. KU Leuven 16-18 September 2013, Leuven, Belgium. (2013)
 
Joyce Schmatz, Dennis Kempin, Jens Karl Becker, Paul D. Bons
Grain Growth in presence of mobile second phase particles - a microstructural simulation in Elle. Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 14, EGU2012-11959, 2012. EGU General Assembly 2012. (2012)
 
Guillaume Desbois, Janos Urai, Maartje Houben, Susanne Hemes, Jop Klaver
BIB-SEM of representative area clay structures paving towards an alternative model of porosity. Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 14 EGU General Assembly 2012. (2012)
 
Joyce Schmatz, Marc Sadler, Guillaume Desbois, Janos Urai
On the distribution and morphology of grain boundary fluids in natural rock salt. Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 14, EGU2012-12002, 2012. EGU General Assembly 2012. (2012)
 
Janos Urai, Peter A. Kukla, Heijn van Gent, Frank Strozyk, Steffen Abe, Shiyuan Li, Guillaume Desbois, Joyce Schmatz, Johannes Schoenherr, Zsolt Schleder
Internal Dynamics and Rheology of Salt Structures - an integrated model. Saltmech7, Paris (france). 16-19. April 2012. (2012)
 
Joyce Schmatz, Janos Urai
The interaction of migrating grain boundaries and fluid inclusions in naturally deformed quartz. EGU General Assembly. Geophysical Research Abstracts 13, pp. EGU2011-11887. Hall XL / Thu, 07 Apr, 08:00-19:30, Poster XL305 (2011)
 
Jop Klaver, Guillaume Desbois, Janos Urai
2D Morphology of porosity in organic rich shale from the Middle East: First results of BIB-SEM study EGU General Assembly. Geophysical Research Abstracts 13, pp. EGU2011-1738. Room 3 / Wed, 06 Apr, 14:30-14:45, oral. (2011)
 
Susanne Hemes, Maartje Houben, Jop Klaver, Guillaume Desbois, Janos Urai
Qualitative and quantitative characterization of porosity in geomaterials by combining broad ion (argon) beam and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Geotag 2011, RWTH Aachen, University. (2011)
 
Steffen Abe, Janos Urai, Joyce Schmatz
DEM Simulation of Clay Smear along Faults. EGU General Assembly 2009, Vienna, Austria, 19 - 24 April 2009, 11. (2009)
 
Joyce Schmatz, Janos Urai
In-situ observations of fluid inclusion - grain boundary interaction in recrystallizing rock analogue camphor. EGU General Assembly 2009, Vienna, Austria, 19 - 24 April 2009, 11. (2009)
 
Janos Urai, Joyce Schmatz, Heijn van Gent, Steffen Abe, Marc Holland
From Fault Seal to Fault Leak: Effect of Mechanical Stratigraphy on the Evolution of Transport Processes in Fault Zones. AGU 90 Fall Meet. (2009)
 
Joyce Schmatz, Oliver Schenk
In-situ investigations of grain boundary-fluid inclusion interaction in recrystallizing rock analogues. Eos Trans, AGU Fall meeting, San Fransico, Ca, USA, 90 (52), Fall Meeting Suppliment, T52B-04. (2009)
 
Janos Urai, Joyce Schmatz, Steffen Abe, Heijn van Gent, Marc Holland
From Fault Seal to Fault Leak: Effect of Mechanical Stratigraphy on the Evolution of Transport Processes in Fault Zones. Joint Annual Meeting : GSA, ASA, CSSA, SSSA, GCACS, George R. Brown Convention Center, Houston, USA, 5-9 October, 138-7. (2008)
 
Steffen Abe, Joyce Schmatz, Janos Urai
DEM simulation of shear induced mixing in layered sand-clay sequences - initial results. Tectonics Studies Group Annual Meeting, La Roche-en-Ardenne, Belgium, 8th-11th January, 2008, 82-83. (2008)
 
Steffen Abe, Joyce Schmatz, Janos Urai
DEM Simulation of shear induced mixing in layered Sand-Clay Sequences. EGU General Assembly 2008, Vienna, Austria, 10. (2008)
 
Janos Urai, Joyce Schmatz, Steffen Abe, Heijn van Gent, Marc Holland
The Effect of mechanical stratigraphy on the evolution of transport processes in fault zones. Geo 2008; International Conference and 106th annual meeting of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geowissenschaften e. V. (DGG) and 98th annual meeting of the Geologi (2008)
 
Joyce Schmatz, Steffen Giese, Marc Holland, W. van der Zee, Peter Vrolijk, Janos Urai
Investigations of Clay Smear in mechanically layered Sequences: Insights from Analogue and Numerical Particle Flow Models. EGU General Assembly 2008, Vienna, Austria, 10. (2008)
 
Joyce Schmatz, Paul D. Bons, Jens Karl Becker, Janos Urai
The Kinetics of Fluid Inclusions in Recrystallizing Rocks - Evidence from Analogue and Numerical Models. Geo 2008; International Conference and 106th annual meeting of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geowissenschaften e. V. (DGG) and 98th annual meeting of (2008)
 
Joyce Schmatz, Paul D. Bons, Jens Karl Becker, Janos Urai
On the Kinetics of Fluid Inclusions in Recrystallizing Rocks. Final EuroMinScI Conference, Obernai, France, 24-26 Novembre 2008. (2008)
 
Joyce Schmatz, Janos Urai
The Role of Fluid-filled Grain Boundaries in Substructure Development: New Insights from See-through Deformation Experiments. 2nd European Mineral Sciences Initiative Conference Giens, France,, 31 March - 02 April 2008, Poster presentation #13. (2008)
 
Joyce Schmatz, Janos Urai
The role of fluid filled grain boundaries in substructure development - METHODS. EuroMinSci-MinSubStrucDyn workshop on analogue modeling, Liverpool, UK. (2008)
 
Joyce Schmatz, Janos Urai
The role of fluid filled grain boundaries in substructure development - RESULTS. EuroMinSci-MinSubStrucDyn workshop on analogue modeling, Liverpool, UK. (2008)
 
Joyce Schmatz, Steffen Giese, Marc Holland, W. van der Zee, Peter Vrolijk, Janos Urai
Experimental study on fault localization and clay gouge evolution in mechanically layered sand-clay sequences using analogue sandbox and numerical partical flow models. Third International Geomodelling Conference, Florence, Italy, September 22, 2008, Isti (2008)
 
Joyce Schmatz, Peter Vrolijk, Steffen Giese, Martin Ziegler, Janos Urai
Experimental study of the evolution of fault gouge in layered sand-clay sequences. Fluid assisted rock deformation and tectonic. Symposium in honour of Florian J. Lehner, Paris, 12-13 April 2007, 53. (2007)
 
Joyce Schmatz
Substructure Development in Halite. EuroMinSci-MinSubStrucDyn workshop on numerical modeling, Cadaques, Spain. (2007)
 
Peter Vrolijk, Rodrick Myers, Janos Urai, Sofie Nollet, Joyce Schmatz
Strain localozation & Fluid flow across faults. GSA Annial Meeting, Denver, USA, 28-31 October 2007, Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 39, No. 6, 50. (2007)
 
Joyce Schmatz, Peter Vrolijk, Janos Urai, Steffen Giese, Martin Ziegler, Wouter van der Zee
Experimental study of the evolution of fault gouge in layered sand-clay sequences. Das 11. Symposium Tektonik, Struktur- und Kristallingeologie (TSK 11), Göttingen, Germany, 22-24 March 2006. (2006)
 
Joyce Schmatz, Oliver Schenk
In-situ deformation experiments in transmitted light: an overview. Marie Curie Summer Schools: Knowledge Based Materials - Composite and Polyphase Materials, Stockholm, Sweden. (2006)
 
Janos Urai, Marc Holland, Joyce Schmatz, Heijn van Gent
Towards really useful physical models of tectonic deformation. European Geosciences Union General Assembly, Vienna, Austria, 02-07 April 8, 279. (2006)
 
Joyce Schmatz, Janos Urai
Analogmodellierung von Clay Smear Prozessen in Abschiebungen. TSK 10, 10. Symposium Tektonik, Struktur- und Kristallingeologie, Aachen, 2004/01, 84. (2004)
 
Joyce Schmatz, Steffen Giese
Entwicklung von Scherfugen in geschichtetem Untergrund. 28. Baugrundtagung, Spezialsitzung "Forum für junge Geotechnik - Ingenieure", Leipzig, Germany. (2004)
 
Joyce Schmatz, Marc Holland, Wouter van der Zee, Janos Urai
Fault gouge evolution in layered sand-clay sequences - first results of water-saturated sandbox experiments. Fault and Top Seals: What do we know and where do we go?, Montpellier, France. (2003)
 
Joyce Schmatz, Marc Holland, Wouter van der Zee, Janos Urai
Fault gouge evolution in layered sand-clay sequences - first results of water-saturated sandbox experiments. Fault and Top Seals: What do we know and where do we go?, EAGE, Montpellier, France, 8-11 September 2003, O22. (2003)